Repaying back missed voluntary prayers after ‘Asr


بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم

▪️ Repaying back missed voluntary prayers after ‘Asr▪️

Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Hizaam – may Allaah preserve him – was asked the following question:

📩 Question:

How should the hadeeth concerning the Prophet ﷺ offering 2 (voluntary) units after ‘Asr be understood – even though he ﷺ forbade offering (voluntary) prayers after ‘Asr?

📝 Answer:

Both Hadeeths are authentic. Bukhari and Muslim have both reported that the Prophet ﷺ:

((نهى عن الصلاة بعد الفجر حتى تطلع الشمس، وبعد العصر حتى تغرب الشمس))

“Forbade offering any (voluntary) prayers after Fajr until the sun has risen and after ‘Asr until the sun has set.”

This Hadeeth has been reported in the two Saheehs from Abu Hurayrah, Abu Sa’eed, ‘Umar ibn Al-Khataab and Umm Salamah -may Allaah be pleased with them all-.

It is also established that he ﷺ forbade praying after ‘Asr, according to the narration of ‘Aa’ishah -may Allaah be pleased with her-.

So the way to reconcile between these (seemingly contradictory) reports is to take the hadeeth of Umm Salamah into account, that he ﷺ was busied from offering the two voluntary units after Dhuhr, as he ﷺ said:

((شغلني وفد عبد القيس عن الركعتين بعد الظهر فقضيتهما بعد العصر))

“I was busied by the delegation of ‘Abdul qays from performing the two (voluntary) units after Dhuhr, so I performed them after ‘Asr.”

Thereafter, the prophet ﷺ continued offering these two voluntary units after ‘Asr on a regular basis, (as was the practice of the prophet ﷺ); ‘Aa’isha said:

((وكان إذا صلى صلاة أثبتها))

“If he prayed a prayer he would be continual in that.”

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajar -may Allaah have mercy on him- and other scholars explained that:

“Making up (missed) voluntary prayers is something prescribed for everyone in this Ummah, so whoever forgets to offer a voluntary prayer and remembers only after ‘Asr or is busied (from offering a voluntary prayer at its due time), then it’s prescribed for him to offer it after ‘Asr just like the Prophet ﷺ did.” He went on to say: “As far as establishing this on a continual basis, then this is something specific to the Prophet ﷺ.”

This is the strongest view in this issue.

________

Translated by:

Abu ‘Abdirrahman ‘Abdullaah ibn Ahmad Ash-Shingaani

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Original Fatwa:

https://t.me/ibnhezam/1339