Offering 4 voluntary units before ‘Asr?

‎بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم

▪️Offering 4 voluntary units before ‘Asr? ▪️

Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Hizaam -may Allaah preserve him- was asked the following question:

📩 Question:

The questioner says: Is there any authentic hadeeth reports on praying four Rak’ahs before ‘Asr as well as four before Dhuhr?

📝 Answer:

Regarding four before ‘Asr, then the Hadeeth concerning this is not authentic; the most authentic report to have come in this regard is the narration of Ibn ‘Umar, reported by Abu Dawud, that he ﷺ said :

((رحم الله امرأ صلى قبل العصر أربعا))

“May Allaah have mercy on a person who prays four Rakaat before ‘Asr”

However, this Hadeeth is Mu’all (defective); Ibn ‘Adi dismissed it in ‘Al-Kaamil’, and the hadeeth itself is not authenticate; it has been rejected from some of the narrators.

Our Shaykh, Shaykh Muqbil -may Allaah have mercy on him- included this Hadeeth in his ‘Saheeh Al-Musnad’; perhaps he didn’t come across it in Ibn ‘Adi’s ‘Al-Kaamil’, because our Shaykh -may Allaah have mercy upon him- would abandon any Hadeeth cited by Ibn ‘Adi in ‘Al-Kaamil’ and would not include it in his book.

As for the four (voluntary) units before Dhuhr, then this is authentically established in ‘Sahih Bukhari’ on the authority of ‘Aa’ishah -may Allaah be pleased with her- that the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ would never leave off praying four units before Dhuhr and four after it.

There are other reports which also indicate this.


Translated by:

Abu Ibrahim Nassir Bin Rashid Al-maamry

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