بسم اللــــه الرحمـــــــــن الرحيم
▪️Ruling on Video Calling▪️
Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Hizaam -may Allaah preserve him- was asked the following question:
What is the ruling of video calling?
Once an image has been captured or stored it becomes haram.
The Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stated:
‘The most severely punished people on the day of resurrection will be those who make images’ (Narrated by Ibn Masoud in Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
‘It will be made for every image maker in the Hell-Fire the image of every living being they made in order to be punished by it.’ (Narrated Ibn Abbas in Muslim).
‘Indeed, the companions (makers) of these images will be punished on The Day of Resurrection. It will be said to them: ‘Give life to that which you have created’.
Thus, if an image (containing living beings) is captured, it is certainly haram. If it is not captured then this is a doubtful matter that may still enter into the aforementioned hadith. The Muslim is therefore advised to refrain from this.
However, we do not say this is haram with complete certainty because of its resemblance to a mirror; meaning that the device simply reflects that which is infront of it. Thus, if it is directed away from the individual infront of it, there is no picture.
Notwithstanding, The Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said ‘Leave what brings you doubt in place of what does not bring you doubt. (Narrated by Hasan Ibn Ali in At-Tirmidi) and ‘Whoever avoids doubtful matters has preserved his religion and his honour’. (Narrated by Nouman Ibn Bashir in Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
Abu Sufyaan Saami Al-Ghaani
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Shaykh Yahya ibn Ali Al Hajooree hafidhahullah was asked a similar question:
What is the ruling on speaking on the internet through video where each person sees the picture of the other? Does this fall into picture making?
“If the picture appears inside the device and produces a result similar to a picture, then yes. In most cases it is. Otherwise, what is it that transmits your picture to him and his picture to you? You rely on a camera which takes your picture to him and his picture to you. And this is not a type of mirror, for example, from here to a country 1000 kilometers away. It is not a mirror. It is relying on a camera taking a picture. Therefore it is picture-making if it uses a camera”
Shaikh Muqbil bin Haadi al-Wadi’ee (may Allah have mercy upon him) wrote: “So like this, know that pictures which spread in the newspapers, magazines, telephones, videos, and other than that from the modern devices (1) are prohibited…
(1): Whether it is a telephone or video or cinema or video phone or devices which provide live feed in arenas or university lecture halls or video surveillance devices ”
[Hukum Tasweer Dhawaat ul-Arwaah (pg. 26)]
Faisal bin Abdul Qaadir bin Hassan