بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم
▪️The wisdom Behind Fasting ‘Ashoora▪️
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Hizaam حفظه الله wrote:
“In the Saheeh, on the authority of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) that:
That the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) arrived in Medina and found the Jews observing fast on the day of ”Ashoora. The Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said to them: What is the (significance) of this day that you observe fast on it? They said: It is the day of great (significance) when Allaah سبحانه و تعالى delivered Moses and his people, and drowned the Pharaoh and his people, and Moses observed fast out of gratitude and we also observe it. Upon this the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: We have more right, and we have a closer connection with Moses than you have; so Allaah’s Messenger (ﷺ) observed fast (on the day of ‘Ashoora), and gave orders that it should be observed.*
[See: Sharh Muslim (8/9)]
It was mentioned in the previous Hadith: “It expiates the sins of the past”. What is apparent is that fasting the day of ‘Ashoora expiates the minor and major sins. However, the majority of Scholars are of the opinion that it does not expiate the major sins. If one fasts the day of Arafah and the day of ‘Ashoora, then they are not better than fasting Ramadan nor are they better than the five obligatory prayers.
The Prophet (ﷺ) said:
The five (daily) prayers and from one Friday prayer to the (next) Friday prayer, and from Ramadhan to Ramadhan are expiations for the (sins) committed in between (their intervals) provided one shuns the major sins. [Reported by Muslim from the authority Abu Hurariah (may Allah be pleased with him)]
This is the statement of the majority of the Scholars and it is the more correct opinion.
[See: Sharh Muslim (6/383) and Tawdeeh al-Ahkam (3/201)]”
[Ithaaf al-Anaam (pg. 160-163)]
Abu Sulaymaan Faisal Ibn Abdil Qaadir
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