The Virtue of Fasting ‘Ashoora (the 10th of Muharram)


بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم

▪️The Virtue of Fasting ‘Ashoora (the 10th of Muharram)▪️

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Hizaam حفظه الله wrote:

“It comes in the Saheeh of Muslim from Abu Qatadah (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (ﷺ) was asked about fasting the day of ‘Ashoora. He said: “It expiates the sins of the past year”

An-Nawawi (رحمه الله تعالى) said in Sharh Saheeh Muslim (8/4): “The Scholars agreed that fasting ‘Ashoora is Sunnah“.

They differed regarding the day of ‘Ashoora. The majority of the Scholars of the Salaf and those who came after them were of the opinion that ‘Ashoora is the tenth of Muharram.

It was said it is the ninth day. They said: it is the opinion of Ibn Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) and they used as evidence what is in Saheeh Muslim:

Hakam ibn al-‘Araj reported: I went to Ibn ‘Abbas (Allaah be Pleased with both of them) and he was reclining using his mantle as a pillow near the fountain of Zamzam. I said to him: Tell me about fasting on Ashoora. He said: When you see the new moon of Muharram then count the (days) and observe fast on the 9th. I said to him: Is it how the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) observed the fast? He said: Yes.

What is apparent is that Ibn Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him) intended by fasting the ninth to oppose the Jews, not that ‘Ashoora is the ninth due to the evidence of what came in Saheeh Muslim:

That when the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) fasted on the day of ‘Ashoora and commanded that it should he observed as a fast, they (his Companions) said to him: Messenger of Allaah, it is a day which the Jews and Christians hold in high esteem. Thereupon the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) said: When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the ninth. But the Messenger of Allaah (ﷺ) died before the advent of the next year.

And what supports that is what is established from Sa’eed ibn Mansoor with a Saheeh chain as is in the book al-Iqtidaa as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem from Ibn Abbas (may Allaah be pleased with him): “Fast the ninth and tenth, oppose the Jews”

[See: Sharh Saheeh Muslim (8/11-12), Fath (no. 2008), and Tafseer al-Qurtubi (1/391)]

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Translated by:

Abu Sulaymaan Faisal Ibn Abdil Qaadir  

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