Advice Regarding the Hadeeth of Hastiness


Answered by our Shaykh, the ‘Allaamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu ‘Abdirrahman Yahya bin ‘Ali Al-Hajoori – may Allaah preserve him –

Question:

There is a saying mentioning that : “Haste is blameworthy except in five scenarios;

• At the arrival of the guest,
• Giving a woman away in marriage when someone approaches wishing to marry her,
• Burying the deceased,
• Repaying the debts of the deceased,
• Fulfilling what’s been entrusted.” (Is this correct?)

Answer:

As for honoring the guests, the evidence points to this, the Prophet ﷺ said:

“من كان يؤمن بالله واليوم الآخر فليكرم ضيفه”
“Whoever believes in Allah and the last day, let them honour their guests.”

It’s not from honoring the guests to be negligent in their regard, instead a person honors them and welcomes them, and hastens in their regards as much as one is able.

Likewise giving away women in marriage, Allah, the Most High, said:

“وَلا تَعْضُلُوهُنَّ”
“and you should not stop them from marriage” [An-Nisā :19]

Similarly he ﷺ said:

“فإن عضل فالقاضي ولي من لا ولي له”
“If they were to stop them from marriage, then the judge is the wali of those without any wali.”

Likewise he ﷺ said:

“إذا أتاكم من ترضون خلقه ودينه فزوجوه إن لا تفعلوا تكن فتنة في الأرض وفساد عريض”
“If a man whose mannerism and religious commitment pleases you comes, then let him marry, if you do not do so there will be fitnah upon the earth and widespread corruption.”

The hadith is good to use as an evidence.

The burial of the deceased, he ﷺ said:

“أسرعوا بالجنازة فإن تك صالحة فخير تقدمونها إليه، وإن تك سوى ذلك فشر تضعونه عن رقابكم”
“Speed up the burial, if the person was righteous then you are putting them forward to good, and if they were not then you freeing your selves from evil.”

Hastening in this is requested.

The repaying of debts of the deceased, similarly there has come evidences which point to that there is to be haste in repaying of the debts.

Likewise the breaking of the fast when fasting, it’s from the affairs which are encouraged to haste in, with the condition that the sun has set, and if this condition was not met, than it would fall under the hadith:

“أتاني رجلان فأخذا بضبعي فأتيا بي جبلًا وعرًا.. “
“Two men came to me and took me by the arms and brought me to a rugged mountain…”

[until he said:]

ثم انطلق بي فإذا أنا بقوم معلقين بعراقيبهم مشققة أشداقهم تسيل أشداقهم دمًا. فقلت: من هؤلاء؟! قال: هؤلاء الذين يفطرون قبل تحلة صومهم
“Then I was taken until I saw people hanging by their hamstrings, with the sides of their mouths torn and blood pouring from their mouths.’ I said, ‘Who are these?!’ He said, ‘These are people who broke their fast before it was time.”

There are likewise other affairs which are befitting to have some haste concerning it, due to the statement Allah, the Most High:

“فَاسْتَبِقُوا الْخَيْرَاتِ”
“so strive as in a race in good deeds.” [Al-Māida :48]

And the statement of the Prophet ﷺ:

“بادروا بالأعمال”
“Hasten towards your deeds.”

The basis in good deeds is to race towards them, so haste is not blameworthy upon its absolute, nor praiseworthy upon its absolute. Each affair accordingly.

There are actions which being hasty in its regard is a must, and it’s not permissible to delay, and there are those that which can be delayed, some are more important than others… like that.

From the evidences which contain hasting, is the statement of the Prophet ﷺ:

السفر قطعة من العذاب يمنع أحدكم طعامه وشرابه ونومه فإذا قضى أحدكم نهمته من وجهه فليعجل الرجوع إلى أهله
“Traveling is a kind of torture, as it prevents one from sleeping and eating! So when one has finished his job, he should return quickly to his family.”


Translated by : Abu ‘Abdirrahman ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmed Ash-Shingaani

Original Fatwa:
الكنز الثمين في الإجابة على أسئلة طلبة العلم والزائرين (5) (https://www.sh-yahia.net/show_books_40.html)
Under: متفرقات
Entitled: العجلة في الأمور تذم أم تمدح