بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم
▪️Shortening prayer behind a resident Imaam▪️
Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Hizaam -may Allaah preserve him- was asked the following question:
The questioner says: A man prayed the last two units of ‘Asr prayer (with the congregation) and finished at the same time as the Imaam, believing that he was allowed to shorten ‘Asr to two units in his case. What is upon him now?
If he was a traveller at the time and joined the Imaam in the last two units with intention of shortening the prayer, then there’s no issue; his prayer is correct.
He caught the Imaam in the third unit and joined him with the intention of shortening the prayer, so there’s nothing upon him; the prayer is correct because he was a traveller, and a traveller prays two units (instead of four).
But it’s best to complete the prayer (as four units) if one is praying behind the resident (i.e. non-travelling) Imaam. He should intend to complete the prayer with with him, because the Imaam is there to be followed. But if he had a different intention to that of the Imaam, i.e. He joins the Imaam in the final two units with the intention of shortening his prayer, then his prayer is correct.
And if he did this whilst not being a traveller, his prayer is invalid; because a Muslim (i.e non traveller) must pray ‘Asr as four units.
Abu Zubayr Nurein Ibn Muhammed Ba Alawi
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