A person who never prayed in his entire life
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Our Shaykh Abu Ata’a Ahmad Banaja- May Allah preserve him- was asked the following question :
What is the most correct view on the one who dies and never prayed, while he was able to, based on the Hadith that Allaah will take out of the fire, those who have an atom weight of Eeman and those who testify to the testimony of faith. If this hadith is authentic, does this mean that the one who dies without praying may enter into paradise eventually because he confessed sincerely the testimony of faith, even though he never acted on the pillars except taking the testimony of faith?
You are asking about the person, who never prayed in his life when he was able to pray. A behavior like this is impossible being made by a Muslim. Its impossible, like Shaykh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullah said: we cannot accept the statement of a person who claims himself as a Mu’min and he refuse to pray for his entire life, when he was able to. Its impossible for him to have Eemaan in his heart. This is a sign of his heart free of Eeman and a sign of his Riddah (apostasy) and he is not a Muslim.
The issue with regards to the difference of opinion between the scholars is regarding the person who prays sometimes and leave the prayers sometimes out of laziness and busying with worldly affairs. He is still a Muslim according to the correct opinion, for the many Ahaadeeth mentioned, like Hadith Abee Sa’eed, Hadith Anas, Hadith Hudhaifah and Hadith ‘Ubaadah Bin Saamit. The latter Hadith is as follows:
عن عبادة بن الصامت رضي الله عنه قال : سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول : ( خَمْسُ صَلَوَاتٍ افْتَرَضَهُنَّ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ، مَنْ أَحْسَنَ وُضُوءَهُنَّ وَصَلَّاهُنَّ لِوَقْتِهِنَّ ، وَأَتَمَّ رُكُوعَهُنَّ وَخُشُوعَهُنَّ ، كَانَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ أَنْ يَغْفِرَ لَهُ ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَفْعَلْ ، فَلَيْسَ لَهُ عَلَى اللَّهِ عَهْدٌ ، إِنْ شَاءَ غَفَرَ لَهُ ، وَإِنْ شَاءَ عَذَّبَهُ )
رواه أبو داود، و صححه الألباني رحمه الله في “صحيح سنن أبي داود ”
Ubadah ibn as-Samit said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: “Allah, the Exalted, has made five prayers obligatory. If anyone performs ablution for them well, offers them at their (right) time, and observes perfectly their bowing and submissiveness in them, it is the guarantee of Allah that He will pardon him; if anyone does not do so, there is no guarantee for him on the part of Allah; He may pardon him if He wills, and punish him if He wills.”
Recorded by Abu Dawud, and authenticated by Al – Imam Al-Albaany
So there is a difference in between the person that he prays sometimes and he leaves the prayer sometimes out of laziness, and the person that never prayed in his life, even if he was able, even (if he has) been asked, been ordered, been warned and still remain as a person that who will never pray. This behavior cannot be from a Muslim.
بارك الله فيك
Original Fatwa : https://t.me/qnawithahmadbanajah/3240
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