Ruling on wiping over the socks

بســـم اللــه الرحــمــن الـرحـــيــم

▪️Ruling on wiping over the socks▪️

Our Shaykh, Muhammad ibn Hizaam -may Allaah preserve him- was asked the following question:

📩 Question:

The questioner says: What’s the ruling on wiping over the socks?

📝 Answer:

Wiping over the socks is recommended (Mustahabb); it is something which the Prophet ﷺ legislated and something which he encouraged his companions to practise. For this reason, Ahlus-Sunnah are all in agreement that it is legislated to wipe over the socks.

The issue of wiping over the socks has been reported from the Prophet ﷺ by a large number of companions, so it comes under the Mutawatir report. And from those who have reported it from the Prophet ﷺ, to mention a few, are:

  • Al-Mugheerah ibn Shu’bah [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim]
  • ‘Amr ibn Umayyah Adh-Dhamri [Reported by Bukhari]
  • Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas
  • Umar ibn Al-Khattab [Reported by Bukhari]
  • Bilal ibn Rabaah [Reported by Muslim]
  • Ali ibn Abi Talib [Reported by Muslim]
  • Hudhayfah ibn Al-Yaman [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim]

The point being, the issue of wiping over the socks has been reported by a large number of companions. So it is Mutawatir.

And what’s meant by wiping over the socks is wiping over the tops of the socks when performing wudhoo, instead of washing the feet. So if a person is wearing socks when performing Wudhoo, [he doesn’t have to take them off,] he can just wipe over them, and the same applies with high-top footwear which go above the ankles; this type of footwear also falls under the term ‘khuff’. And the same applies with leather socks, provided they cover the ankles. This also includes wiping over socks made of fabrics (Tasaakheen), such as cotton, wool, etc. This is also included; due to the narration of Thawban, may Allah be pleased with him, in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad; he said:
((خرجنا مع النبي ﷺ في سرية فكان يأمرنا صلى الله عليه وسلم أن نمسح على العصائب والتساخين))
“We accompanied the Prophet ﷺ on an expedition, and he would instruct us to wipe over the ‘Asaa’ib and the Tasaakheen))

The scholars explained that ‘Asaa’ib refers to the turbans worn on the heads, and Tasaakheen refers to leather and fabric socks; the term’ Tasaakheen’ includes fabric socks, so you can wipe over them as well.

Translated by:
Abu Ishaq Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Ba Alawi

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