Definition of dire necessities (الضروريات)


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Dire necessities (الضروريات)

Linguistically is:

“From being forced (الاضطرار) which the root word is (اضطر) force, whereby it is said : so and so forced him to this when he compelled him to this, when he did not have a choice, and the word dire necessity (الضرورة ) is used upon the severe need.”


المعجم الوسيط 538/1
المصباح المنير 360/1

Legislatively is:

“The reaching of a responsible person to the level whereby he will perish or near it, if he does not take that which is prohibited.”


المنثور من القواعد 2/ 383-384
Of Zarkashi.

Ibn Taymiyyah, may Allah have mercy upon him:

“…as for dire necessities, which whereby after it death takes place, or sickness, or incapability to perform the obligations, like the dire necessity which is considered at the eating of the Maytah”


مجموع الفتاوى 226/31

Al-Waadi’ee, may Allah have mercy upon him:

“What is the critirium of dire necessity in the going to free mixing universities?

There is no dire necessity, is the sword upon a persons neck!
Whereby he fears upon himself if he does not enter the university that he will be thrown into prison, or fears for his wealth, his honour, whereby there takes place that which he can not bare?”


تحفة المجيب ص252

Al-Waadi’ee, may Allah have mercy upon him:

“The one who is forced is:
He who fears upon himself destruction, or he fears that what he can not bare of loss of his self or his wealth or his honour, this is the one who is called the one who is forced, as for the expansion of this from those of this era in this affair, is an affair which is displeasing.”


تحفة المجيب ص72

Al-Hajoori, may Allah preserve him:

“The dire necessity which the legislation makes a criterium, and the people of knowledge say: that which takes place therein harm to a person which he can not bear, to himself or his wealth, some of the people expanded the principle of dire necessity, and made shaving of the beard and looking at satellite channels and wearing pants, likewise free mixing education, and bigoted groups and parties, and voting, a dire necessity! Rather it is from that which is prohibited and not a dire necessity.”


الكنز الثمين 131/5

Excerpts from the book:
Of our Shaykh Abu Hatim Yusuf Al-‘Inaabi Al-Jazaa’iree – may Allah preserve him.

Bayaan Ad-Daleel ‘ala maa fi “Manhaj Farkoos” min Talbees wal Fikri-Dakheel

View the book here:

Translated by:
Abu ‘Abdirrahman ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmed Ash-Shingaani.