The statement of the Messenger ﷺ :
(أُوصِيكَ يَا مُعَاذُ لَا تَدَعَنَّ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلَاةٍ تَقُولُ: اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ، وَشُكْرِكَ، وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكَ)
“O Mu’adh, I advise you not to miss supplicating at the end of every Salat (prayer) saying: ‘Allahumma a’inni ‘ala dhikrika wa shukrika, wa husni ‘ibadatika,’ (O Allah, help me remember You, expressing gratitude to You and worship You in the best manner)”.
What is the most correct position regarding this supplication, is it before the Taslīm (conclusionary greeting of the prayer) or after it?
May Allah reward you with good.
There is a beneficial principle in this subject, we will mention it to you by presenting the speech of the ‘Allāmah Ibn ‘Utheymīn, may Allah have mercy upon him, wherein he said:
“The usage of ‘the end of the prayer‘ is used on both the end before the Taslīm and what comes after it, but after investigating it has become clear that what’s attached to the end of the prayer in regards to:
➖Supplications, then its place is before the Taslīm.
➖And Remembrances come after the Taslīm .
It’s built upon what has preceded of the verse and the hadīth, and this is a beneficial principle.”
[End of speech]
And he, may Allah have mercy upon him, said:
“It will become clear to those that ponder over this subject, that:
What’s attached to the end of the prayer of remembrances, that it comes after it, and if it is a supplication then it comes at its end.
It’s because Allah, the Most High, has made what comes after the prayer the place for remembrances, whereby He, the Most High, said:
(فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ فَٱذْكُرُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ قِيَٰمًا وَقُعُودًا وَعَلَىٰ جُنُوبِكُمْ)
“When you have finished As-Salāt (the prayer – congregational), remember Allah standing, sitting down, and lying down on your sides”
And the Sunnah came clarifying what was generally mentioned in this of remembrances, for example the statement of his ﷺ:
(من سبح الله في دبر كل صلاة ثلاثا وثلاثين)
“He who recites after every prayer: Subhān-Allah (Allah is Exalted and free from imperfection) thirty-three times”
So every legislative text connecting remembrances to the end of the prayer are understood to mean after it.
So it is in accordance to the noble verse.
It’s because the Prophet ﷺ made what comes after the final Tashahhud a place for supplications; so every legislated text connecting supplications with the end of the prayer are understood to mean at its end; so the supplications are at the place the Prophet ﷺ directed the supplications to be, except if understanding the text in this manner is impossible, or far away from what that specific context necessitates, then it’s understood through what that context necessitates.”
[End of speech]
Upon this, the place which is inquired about in the question is: before the Taslīm, because it’s a supplication.
And this is what is declared to be most correct by Shaykh-Ul-Islām, Ibn Ul-Qayyim, Ibn Bāz and other than them, may Allah have mercy on them all.
And success is granted by Allah.
Shaykh Abu Hatim Yusuf Al-‘Inaabi Al-Jazaa’iree – may Allah preserve him.
9th, Jumādal Uwwlā, 1438H
Abu ‘Abdirrahman ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmed Ash-Shingaani