O Shaykh, May Allah bless you and benefit by way of you.
A questioner asks:
Is it true that the baby whose father doesn’t do Aqīqah for; will not intercede for him on the Day of Judgement?
Yes this is from one of the explanations of the Hadith:
(كل مولود مرهون بعقيقته)
“Every child is pledged for his Aqīqah”
Ibn Qayyim, may Allah have mercy upon him, said regarding its meaning:
“Imām Ahmad said regarding it’s meaning, is that a child is prevented from interceding for his parents. And (الرهن) linguistically means detained.
Allah the Most High said:
(كُلُّ نَفْسٍ بِمَا كَسَبَتْ رَهِينَةٌ)
“Every person is a pledge for what they have earned.”
The apparent of the Hadith is that a person is pledged for himself, prevented detained from good which is wanted for him.
However, it’s not binding upon him such that (if a person didn’t establish it) they would be punished for it in the Hereafter.
And if the child was detained due to his parents not performing the Aqīqah from that of the child who’s parents did perform the Aqīqah, it’s possible the child misses out on something good, all due to the neglect of their parents, even though it isn’t due to anything they themselves did.
Just as at the time of marital relations, if the father says (the supplication beginning with) ‘Bismillah” the Shaytān will not harm his child, and if he fails to do so the child will miss out on this protection.
And also, this points to that it’s essential and a must, so comparing it’s essentiality and the lack of the child exemption from this with a pledge.”
[End of speech from Zād Al-Ma’ād 2/297]
Shaykh Abu Hamza Hassan bin Muhammed Ba Shu’ayb – may Allah preserve him –
Abu Ibrāhim Nāsir bin Rāshid Al-Mamry