What types of ritual impurity (Hadath) permit a person to wipe over their socks?


Question:

The questioner asks: what type of ritual impurity permit a person to wipe over the socks?

Answer:

Minor ritual impurities only, i.e. those things which obligate wudhu.

As for those things which obligate taking a bath (ghusl), (i.e Major ritual impurity), then it is not permissible to wipe over the socks (in this state) by consensus.

Those things which obligate wudhu, like urinating, defacating, passing wind and likewise sleeping, there’s no problem in wiping over the socks as a result of these things.

As for that which obligate ghusl then it is not allowed to wipe over the socks due to this; rather he must remove his socks and wash his feet fully; due to the Hadeeth of safwaan ibn A’ssaal, reported by Tirmithi, that he said: “The prophet ﷺ commanded us if we were on a journey not to remove our socks for three days and three nights, except in the case of major ritual impurity. But after defacating, urinating or sleeping (we are allowed to wipe over the socks).”

As for his saying ﷺ:
“except in the case of major ritual impurity”, this proves the obligation of washing the feet in this case, and analogy dictates that this also applies to menstruation and postnatal bleeding. So it is obligatory to wash the feet after all types of major ritual impurities and not to just wipe; he must remove his socks and wash his feet.

Answered by:
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Hizaam – may Allaah preserve him

Source:
https://t.me/ibnhezam/8039

Translated by:
Abu Abdurahmaan Muhammad Ibn shareef Ali Al-Ahdali