What is the difference between the names of Allah and His Attributes?
You mean what’s the connection between the names and attributes, the connection is that of super subset, every name includes an attribute, and it’s not every attribute comes with a name, so every name includes an attribute, for example:
As-Samī’ (the All-Hearing),
it includes the attribute of hearing.
Al-Basīr (the All-Seeing),
it includes the attribute of sight.
But does every attribute come with a name?
No, for example; the attribute of descending, the attribute of laughing, the attribute of face, foot, shin of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, two hands, two eyes, these all are attributes.
It’s not the case that all Attributes include names.
With the people of knowledge, names are not declared names unless by one of three things:
1- That Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, is called with this name, this due to that Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, said:
(وَلِلَّهِ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ فَٱدْعُوهُ بِهَا)
“And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them”
This is an affair and the second affair is:
2- That there has come in the book and the sunnah, textual evidence for this name, and that it textually mentions this name by way of noun, not by verb nor by verbal noun.
If the textual evidence came as it being a verb then what’s established from it is an attribute, either restricted or unrestrictedly.
Similarly if it was verbal noun, what’s benefited from it is a characteristic.
It is a must that the legislated text mentions it as a name, like:
And others like this, like what is found at the end of chapter Al-Hashr;
Al-Malik (the King)
Al-Qudūs (the Holy)
As-Salām (the One Free from all defects)
Al-Mu’min (the Giver of security)
Al-Muhaymin (the Watcher over His creatures)
Al-‘Azīz (the All-Mighty)
Al-Jabār (the Compeller)
Al-Mutakabir (the Supreme)
3- That it contains a complete and unrestricted praise, not restricted.
If these three affairs are found then it’s a name from the beautiful Names of Allah, and other than this of elaborations you can find it in the likes of “al-Qawāid al-Muthlā” of ‘Allāmah Ibn ‘Utheymīn, may Allah have mercy upon him.
Shaykh Abu Hatim Yusuf Al-‘Inaabi Al-Jazaa’iree – may Allah preserve him.
Abu ‘Abdirrahman ‘Abdullaah bin Ahmed Ash-Shingaani.