What is the ruling of turning on recorded Takbirs of Eid on the loudspeakers in the car, or on the motorbikes, or in the Masjid?
“The ruling of that and Allāh knows best is that it could cause disturbance to those doing dhikr, for you are doing Takbir and other than you is doing Takbir. And you are remembering Allāh and other than you is remembering Allāh.
So it is not befitting that this one disturbs people with his voice. It could be that someone is busy with Salah, or reading Quran, or honoring guests and speaking with them, or his family, or busy with what they are busy with.
So having said that, then verily this raising of the voices in Takbir via the loudspeaker was not present during the time of the Prophet ﷺ upon this way.
‘Umar and Abu Hurairah used to raise their voices whereby the people could here them, as for this then there is in it somewhat of uneasiness upon the listeners, and indeed the Prophet ﷺ said:
إِنَّ الْمُصَلِّيَ يُنَاجِي رَبَّهُ، فَلْيَنْظُرْ بِمَا يُنَاجِيهِ بِهِ، وَلَا يَجْهَرْ بَعْضُكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ بِالْقُرْآن
“When you pray you are talking confidentially to your Lord. So look to what you confide to Him, and do not raise your voices over one another with the Quran.”
This points towards this one is remembering Allāh and that one is remembering Allāh, and also from the affair of dhikr may Allāh bless you all is to be quiet.
(ٱدْعُوا۟ رَبَّكُمْ تَضَرُّعًا وَخُفْيَةًۚ إِنَّهُۥ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلْمُعْتَدِينَ)
“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.”
Even if in this juncture there is something of the raising of the voices with the symbols of Islam without exaggeration with raising the voice.
يا رسولَ اللهِ أقريبٌ ربُّنا فنناجيه أم بعيدٌ فنناديه ؟
“O Messenger of Allāh, is our Lord close so that we speak to Him confidentially, or far so that we have to raise our voice to Him?”
إنَّ الذي تدعونَه سميعٌ قريبٌ ، أقربُ إلى أحدِكم من عنقِ راحلتِه
“Verily the One you are calling upon is All-Hearing The Near, closer (with His knowledge) to one of you than the neck of his camel.”
يا أَيُّها الناسُ ! اربَعوا على أنفسِكم ، فإنكم لا تَدْعُونَ أَصَمَّ ولا غائبًا
“O people! Take it easy upon yourselves, for verily you are not calling one who is deaf or absent.”
(وَٱذْكُر رَّبَّكَ فِى نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيفَةً)
“And remember your Lord by your tongue and within yourself, humbly and with fear.” [Al-A’rāf, 205]
This is more like to be responded and better due to previous proofs mentioned and if he raises his voice considering it is a symbol of Islam then everyone raises his voice to himself and doesn’t disturb his brother or others with that.
Perhaps it may even be in unison, from whence this one does Takbir and those do Takbīr and this is considered from the innovated affairs on the ten days (Dhūl-Hijjah) or the days of ‘Eid.”
Our Shaykh may Allāh preserve you, if the one doing Takbir is not the person himself but rather a recording of someone a year or two ago or five years ago?
“This takes even more precedence to not busy the people with a recorded voice or with the voice of another person.
So this should be avoided, in order that what we previously mentioned does not occur to the people from that which could disturb them and hinder them from the dhikr of Allāh and what is of its affair and specific to it, na’am.”
Answered by: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi