The ruling on eating during the day of Ramadhan without an excuse


The one who breaks their fast during the day of Ramadhān without an excuse, is he considered one consuming the impermissible or leaving off an obligation?


He is leaving off an obligation and consuming the impermissibe. This and that. It being that he left an obligation is no doubt about it. Due to the statement of Allāh;

(فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُۖ)

“So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month.” [Al-Baqarah, 185]

And there didn’t occur permittance except to the one excused.

(وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَر)َۗ

“And whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days.” [Al-Baqarah, 185]

So there is no allowance except due to an excuse. So if he eats during the day of Ramadhān without an excuse he fell into abandoning an obligation which he is sinful for. What is the ruling of his eating? This perpetration of eating, even if it was from permissible earnings, it is not allowed for him to eat. He is sinful for breaking his fast during the day of Ramadhān and he is sinful for perpetrating eating during the day of Ramadhān even if it were to be from permissible earnings. He is sinful also for publicizing this act.

كل أمتي معافى إلا المجاهرين

“All of my ummah are forgiven except those who publicize sins.”

Answered by: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him


Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi