The Mu’an’an Hadith
What’s chain has in it so and so عن – ‘An (from) so and so. So from the people are those who said: It’s not accepted until it’s affirmed the meeting of this narrator with his Shaykh once. And from them are those that sufficed with mere possibility of meeting, and it’s the Madhab of Muslim, and he exaggerated in refuting those that opposed him.
Then with the expectation of certainty of meeting, it’s stipulated that the narrator is not a Mudallis (one who purposely drops a narrator from the chain or describes him with what he’s not known by to the people) on behalf of his Shaykh. So if he’s not, we consider it connected. And if he’s a Mudallis, then what’s apparent is that it’s not considered that he heard it directly.
So if he’s a Mudallis on behalf of his Shaykhs who are Trustworthy, then there’s no problem. And if he’s a Mudallis on behalf of weak narrators then it’s rejected.
So if Al-Waleed or Baqiyyah says: ‘An Awzaa’ee’, then it’s weak, for indeed they both do Tadlees on behalf of ruined individuals. And for this reason the people of ‘Sihaah’ avoided the Hadiths of Al-Waleed. So what has come in the form of ‘An Ibn Jurayj’ or: ‘An Al-Awzaa’ee’ they put aside.
And this during our time is difficult to criticize upon the Muhaddithoon, for verily those Imaams like Al-Bukhaari and Abi Haatim and Abi Daawud lived the principles and knew the defects. As for us, the chains have become long for us, and the expressions of certainty have become lost. And due to the likes of this and what is similar to it, the discrepancies entered upon Al-Haakim in his doing of ‘Al-Mustadrak’.
Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi