What is the purpose behind the creation of Humans and Jinn??


Kitaab ut-Tawheed, and the statement of Allaah:

(وَمَا خَلَقْتُ ٱلْجِنَّ وَٱلْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ)

“And I created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).” [Adh-Dhariyat: 56]

And His statement:

(وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِى كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ ٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَٱجْتَنِبُوا۟ ٱلطَّٰغُوتَۖ)

“And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” [An-Nahl :36]

And His statement:

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوٓا۟ إِلَّآ إِيَّاهُ وَبِٱلْوَٰلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَٰنًاۚ إِمَّا يَبْلُغَنَّ عِندَكَ ٱلْكِبَرَ أَحَدُهُمَآ أَوْ كِلَاهُمَا فَلَا تَقُل لَّهُمَآ أُفٍّ وَلَا تَنْهَرْهُمَا وَقُل لَّهُمَا قَوْلًا كَرِيمًا.وَٱخْفِضْ لَهُمَا جَنَاحَ ٱلذُّلِّ مِنَ ٱلرَّحْمَةِ وَقُل رَّبِّ ٱرْحَمْهُمَا كَمَا رَبَّيَانِى صَغِيرًا

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour.”

“And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.” [Al-Isra’: 23-24]

And His statement:

(وَٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا۟ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔاۖ)

“Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship.” [An-Nisaa’: 36]

And His statement:

قُلْ تَعَالَوْا۟ أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْۖ أَلَّا تُشْرِكُوا۟ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔاۖ وَبِٱلْوَٰلِدَيْنِ إِحْسَٰنًاۖ وَلَا تَقْتُلُوٓا۟ أَوْلَٰدَكُم مِّنْ إِمْلَٰقٍۖ نَّحْنُ نَرْزُقُكُمْ وَإِيَّاهُمْۖ وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا۟ ٱلْفَوَٰحِشَ مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَمَا بَطَنَۖ وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا۟ ٱلنَّفْسَ ٱلَّتِى حَرَّمَ ٱللَّهُ إِلَّا بِٱلْحَقِّۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ وَصَّىٰكُم بِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَعْقِلُونَ. وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا۟ مَالَ ٱلْيَتِيمِ إِلَّا بِٱلَّتِى هِىَ أَحْسَنُ حَتَّىٰ يَبْلُغَ أَشُدَّهُۥۖ وَأَوْفُوا۟ ٱلْكَيْلَ وَٱلْمِيزَانَ بِٱلْقِسْطِۖ لَا نُكَلِّفُ نَفْسًا إِلَّا وُسْعَهَاۖ وَإِذَا قُلْتُمْ فَٱعْدِلُوا۟ وَلَوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَىٰۖ وَبِعَهْدِ ٱللَّهِ أَوْفُوا۟ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ وَصَّىٰكُم بِهِۦ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَذَكَّرُونَ

Say: “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty – We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawahish whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause. This He has commanded you that you may understand.”

“And come not near to the orphan’s property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allah, This He commands you, that you may remember.” [Al-An’aam: 151-152]

Whoever wants to look at the Wasiyyah (bequest) of Muhammad ﷺ which his end was upon then let him recite His statement:

(قُلْ تَعَالَوْا۟ أَتْلُ مَا حَرَّمَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْۖ أَلَّا تُشْرِكُوا۟ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔاۖ)

Say: “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from.” [Al-An’aam: 151]

Till His statement:

(وَأَنَّ هَٰذَا صِرَٰطِى مُسْتَقِيمًا)

“And verily, this is my Straight Path,” [Al-An’aam:153]

Till the end of the verse.

And from Mu’aadh bin Jabal may Allaah be pleased with him, he said:

“I was riding with the Prophet ﷺ on a donkey. He said: “O Mu’aadh, do you know what is the right of Allaah upon His slaves, and what is the right of His slaves upon Allaah?” I said: “Allaah and His Messenger know better”. So he said: “Allaah’s right upon His slaves is that they should worship Him and associate nothing with Him, and His slaves’ right upon Him is that He shouldn’t punish one who doesn’t associate anything with Him.” He (Mu’aadh) said: I said: “O Messenger of Allaah, shall I not give the people the glad tidings?” He said: “Do not tell them this good news for they will depend on it.” [Reported by the two Sahihs]

In it are Masaa’il (topics),

The First: The wisdom in the creation of Jinn and Mankind.

The Second: That worship is Tawheed, because the dispute is concerning it.

The Third: That whoever does not come with it has not worshipped Allaah. For in it is the meaning of His statement:

(وَلَآ أَنتُمْ عَٰبِدُونَ مَآ أَعْبُدُ)

“Nor will you worship that which I worship.” [Al-Kaafirun: 3]

The Fourth: The wisdom in sending the Messengers.

The Fifth: That the message encompasses all nations.

The Sixth: That the religion of the Prophets is one.

The Seventh: That the worship of Allaah is not obtained except with the disbelieving in Taaghut, for in it is the meaning of His statement:

(فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِٱلطَّٰغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنۢ بِٱللَّهِ فَقَدِ ٱسْتَمْسَكَ بِٱلْعُرْوَةِ ٱلْوُثْقَىٰ)

“Whoever disbelieves in Taaghut and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold.” [Al-Baqarah: 256]

The Eighth: That Taaghut is general in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah.

The Ninth: The magnitude of the three clear cut verses in Surah Al-An’aam with the Salaf, and in it is ten Masaa’il. The first of it is the prohibition of Shirk.

The Tenth: The clear cut verses in Surah Al-Israa’, and in it is 18 Masaa’il

The Eleventh: The verse in Surah An-Nisaa which is called the verse of the ten rights, Allaah began it with His statement:

(وَٱعْبُدُوا۟ ٱللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا۟ بِهِۦ شَيْـًٔاۖ)

“Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship.” [An-Nisaa’: 36]

The Twelfth: Bringing attention to the Wasiyyah of the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ at his death.

The Thirteenth: Knowing the right of Allaah upon us.

The Fourteenth: Knowing the right of His slaves upon Him if they fulfil His right.

The Fifthteenth: That most of the Sahaabah were not aware of this Mas’alah.

The Sixteenth: The permissibility of witholding knowledge due to a benefit.

The Seventeenth: The recommendation of giving a Muslim glad-tidings to that which will bring him happiness.

The Eighteenth: Fear of reliance upon the vastness of the mercy of Allaah.

The Nineteenth: The statement ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best’ for the one being asked about something he doesn’t know.

The Twentieth: The permissibility of specifying a group of people with some knowledge than others.

The Twenty-First: The humbleness of ﷺ by riding a donkey, with someone on the back.

The Twenty-Second: The permissibility of riding with someone on the back.

The Twenty-Third: The virtue of Mu’aadh bin Jabal

Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.

Source: https://t.me/sh_yahia_duroos/10240

Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi