Is it allowed for those facing the enemies of the Dīn to break their fast during the day of Ramadhān?
Al-Hamdulillāh wa Salāt wa Salām ‘Ala Rasūlillāh
As for what proceeds:
So whoever is capable of fasting it’s not allowed for him to break his fast; due to His statement:
(فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ ٱلشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُۖ)
“So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadan i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month.” [Al-Baqarah, 185]
And whoever is incapable due to the difficulty of Jihād against the enemy, it is allowed for him to break his fast and he makes up for it in a state of flexibility after Ramadhān; due to the Hadith of Abī Sa’īd may Allāh be pleased with him, that the Prophet ﷻ said to his companions during the battle of the conquest and it was during Ramadhān:
إِنَّكُمْ مُصَبِّحُو عَدُوِّكُمْ، وَالْفِطْرُ أَقْوَى لَكُمْ، فَأَفْطِرُوا
“Verily you will meet your enemy at morning, and breaking the fast will make you more stronger, so break your fast.” [Reported by Muslim]
And success is with Allāh.
Answered by: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi