What a man narrated from another that which he didn’t hear, or didn’t meet him, so if he explicitly states connection and says: ‘Narrated to us’, then this is a liar. And if he says: ‘An’, it could imply that, and it’s looked at his rank: Did he meet those above him? So if he met them, then we have previously established. And if he didn’t meet them, but it’s possible that he lived during his time, then it’s a place of going back and forth. And if it’s not possible, it’s Munqati’.
Like: Qataadah from Abi Hurairah.
And the ruling of ‘He said’, is the ruling of ‘An’, and they have incentives for that.
- So if he explicitly states with the one who narrated to him his weakness would be known: So this is a blameworthy intent, and crime against the Sunnah. And whoever undergoes that, is disparaged by it, for indeed the religion is advice.
- And if he did it seeking a shorter chain (to the Prophet ﷺ) only, or to make believe that he has plenty Mashaayikh, like as to mention his name one time and mention his kunya (Abu so and so) another, or ascribe him to a work-trade or town which is almost unknown, and the likes of that – as you say: “Al-Bukhaari narrated to us” while you intend the one who gives the people Bakhoor (incense), or: “Alee narrated to us with what is behind the river”, and you intend the river, or: “BiZabeed narrated to us” , and you intend the place
Biqaws, or: “BiHarraan narrated to us”, and you intend the merged town – so this is possible, and war’ necessitates abandoning it.
And from the examples of Tadlees: Al-Hasan ‘An Abi Hurairah. And the majority of them are upon the opinion that it’s Munqati’ (disconnected), he didn’t meet him. And it has been narrated that Al-Hasan said: “Abu Hurairah narrated to us” and it was said he meant with “Narrated to us”: the people of his town.
And Tadlees of names could lead to the ignorance of the trustworthy narrator, so his authentic narration will be rejected! So this is a harm, but it is in other than ‘Sahih Al-Bukhaari’ and the likes of that, but that which is established is that it is found in the Sahih. For verily a man would say in his Sahih “Abdullaah narrated to us”, and intend with it: Ibn Saalih Al-Misree. And say “Ya’qoob narrated to us”, and he intends with it Ibn Kaasib. And they both have weakness in them. Under any rate: Tadlees opposes Ikhlaas, due to what is in it of sugar-coating.
Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi