Chapter: Du’aa to Shahaadah ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’ and His statement:
قُلْ هَٰذِهِۦ سَبِيلِىٓ أَدْعُوٓا۟ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا۠ وَمَنِ ٱتَّبَعَنِىۖ وَسُبْحَٰنَ ٱللَّهِ وَمَآ أَنَا۠ مِنَ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ
“Say: “This is my way; I invite unto Allaah with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me with sure knowledge. And Glorified and Exalted be Allaah. And I am not of the Mushrikeen.” [Yusuf: 108]
عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ بَعَثَ مُعَاذًا إِلَى الْيَمَنِ فَقَالَ: «إِنَّك تَأتي قوما من أهل الْكتاب. فَادْعُهُمْ إِلَى شَهَادَةِ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ. فَإِنْ هُمْ أطاعوا لذَلِك. فَأَعْلِمْهُمْ أَنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ فَرَضَ عَلَيْهِمْ خَمْسَ صَلَوَاتٍ فِي الْيَوْمِ وَاللَّيْلَةِ. فَإِنْ هم أطاعوا لذَلِك فأعلمهم أَن الله قد فرض عَلَيْهِم صَدَقَة تُؤْخَذ من أغنيائهم فَترد فِي فُقَرَائِهِمْ. فَإِنْ هُمْ أَطَاعُوا لِذَلِكَ. فَإِيَّاكَ وَكَرَائِمَ أَمْوَالِهِمْ وَاتَّقِ دَعْوَةَ الْمَظْلُومِ فَإِنَّهُ لَيْسَ بَيْنَهَا وَبَين الله حجاب
From Ibn ‘Abbaas may Allaah be pleased with them: That the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ when he sent Mu’aadh to Yemen, he said to him: “You will come to a people from the people of a book, so let the first thing you call them to be Shahaadah ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’ – and in a narration: “To single out Allaah. So if they obey you in that, let them know that Allaah has made obligatory upon them five prayers every twenty-four hours. If they obey you in that, let them know that Allaah has made obligatory for upon Sadaqa to be taken from their rich and handed over to their poor. If they obey you in that, beware of taking the best of their wealth; and beware of the du’aa of the oppressed, for there is no veil between it and Allaah.” [Reported by Bukhari and Muslim]
قَالَ أَخْبَرَنِي سَهْلُ بْنُ سَعْدٍ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ يَوْمَ خَيْبَرَ ”لأُعْطِيَنَّ هَذِهِ الرَّايَةَ غَدًا رَجُلاً، يَفْتَحُ اللَّهُ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ، يُحِبُّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ، وَيُحِبُّهُ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ ”. قَالَ فَبَاتَ النَّاسُ يَدُوكُونَ لَيْلَتَهُمْ أَيُّهُمْ يُعْطَاهَا فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ النَّاسُ غَدَوْا عَلَى رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم، كُلُّهُمْ يَرْجُو أَنْ يُعْطَاهَا فَقَالَ ” أَيْنَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طَالِبٍ ”. فَقِيلَ هُوَ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ يَشْتَكِي عَيْنَيْهِ. قَالَ ” فَأَرْسِلُوا إِلَيْهِ ”. فَأُتِيَ بِهِ فَبَصَقَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم فِي عَيْنَيْهِ، وَدَعَا لَهُ، فَبَرَأَ حَتَّى كَأَنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ بِهِ وَجَعٌ، فَأَعْطَاهُ الرَّايَةَ، فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ أُقَاتِلُهُمْ حَتَّى يَكُونُوا مِثْلَنَا، فَقَالَ ” انْفُذْ عَلَى رِسْلِكَ حَتَّى تَنْزِلَ بِسَاحَتِهِمْ، ثُمَّ ادْعُهُمْ إِلَى الإِسْلاَمِ، وَأَخْبِرْهُمْ بِمَا يَجِبُ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ حَقِّ اللَّهِ فِيهِ، فَوَاللَّهِ لأَنْ يَهْدِيَ اللَّهُ بِكَ رَجُلاً وَاحِدًا خَيْرٌ لَكَ مِنْ أَنْ يَكُونَ لَكَ حُمْرُ النَّعَمِ”.
From Sahl bin Sa’d may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ said on the day of Khaibar: “Tomorrow I will give the flag to a man who loves Allaah and His Messenger, and he is loved by Allaah and His Messenger, and victory will be upon his hands.” So the people remained that night, wondering as to who would be given it. So when the morning came the people went to Allaah’s Messenger ﷺ all of them hoping to receive it: So he said, “Where is Ali bin Abi Taalib?” So it was said, “He is suffering from eye trouble. So he was sent for, so he spat in his eye and made du’aa for him, so he was cured as if he never had any trouble. Then he gave him the flag and said: “Proceed and do not hurry until you enter their territory, call them to Islaam and inform them of what is obligatory upon them from the Rights of Allaah’s, for by Allaah, if Allaah were to guide a single man through you, is better for you than the red camels.”
In it are Masaa’il topics:
The First: That calling to Allaah is the path of those who follow the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ.
The Second: Bringing attention to Ikhlaas (sincerity), because many, even if they call to the truth, are calling to themselves.
The Third: That Baseerah (insight) is from the obligations.
The Fourth: From the proofs of good Tawheed: is freeing Allaah from curses.
The Fifth: That from the ugliness of Shirk is that it is a curse to Allaah.
The Sixth: And it’s from the most important of them – The Muslim distancing from the Mushrikeen in order not to become one of them, even if he doesn’t commit Shirk.
The Seventh: Tawheed being the first obligation.
The Eighth: That it is begun with before everything, even Salaah.
The Ninth: That the meaning: “To single out Allaah” is the Shahaadah ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’.
The Tenth: That a person could be from the people of the book and not know it (the book), or he knows it but doesn’t act according to it.
The Eleventh: Bringing attention to teaching in steps.
The Twelfth: Beginning with the most important them the most important.
The Thirteenth: The people who are given Zakaat.
The Fourteenth: The teacher removing the doubt from the student.
The Fifthteenth: The prohibition from (taking) the best of the people’s wealth.
The Sixteenth: Fearing the du’aa of the oppressed.
The Seventeenth: Informing that its unveiled.
The Eighteenth: From the evidences of Tawheed is what occurred to the leader of the Prophets and Awliyaa of hardship and hunger and ailment.
The Nineteenth: His statement: “I will give the flag…till the end.” is a sign from the signs of Prophethood.
The Twentieth: His spitting in his eyes is a sign from it also.
The Twenty-First: The virtue of Ali may Allaah be pleased with him.
The Twenty-Second: The virtue of the Sahaabah in wondering that night and busying themselves with the glad-tidings of victory.
The Twenty-Third: Eemaan in Qadr, due to it occuring to one who didn’t hasten to it, and it being prevented from one who hastened to it.
The Twenty-Fourth: The manners in his statement: “Do not hurry.”
The Twenty-Fifth: Inviting to Allaah, to Islaam is before fighting.
The Twenty-Sixth: That it is legislated to the ones who were called before that and fought.
The Twenty-Seventh: Ad-Da’wah with Hikmah due to his statement: “Inform them with what is obligatory”.
The Twenty-Eighth: Knowing the Rights of Allaah in Islaam.
Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi