And in the Sahih on the authority of the Prophet ﷺ that he said:
من قال لا إله إلا الله وكفر بما يُعبد من دون الله، حرم ماله ودمه، وحسابه على الله
“Whoever says ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’ and disbelieves in that which is worshipped besides Allaah, then his wealth and blood become prohibited, and his reckoning is with Allaah.”
And the explanation of this chapter: Is what is after it of chapters. In it are the most greatest of Masaa’il and the most important, and it’s the explanation of Tawheed, and the explanation of Ash-Shahaadah; and it clarifies it with clear cut affairs.
And from it: Is the verse in Al-Israa’, it clarifies in it a refutation against the Mushrikeen who call upon the righteous, so in it is a clarification that this is Major Shirk.
And from it: Is the verse of Al-Baraa’ah, it clarifies in it that the people of the Book took their priests and Rabbis as Lords beside Allaah, and it clarifies that they were not ordered except to worship One Ilaah (God – Allaah), along with the explanation which has no ambiguity to it in it: It was their obeying their scholars and devout worshippers in disobedience (to Allaah’s laws/commandments), not them calling upon them.
And from it: The statement of Al-Khaleel ﷺ to the Kuffaar:
(وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَٰهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِۦٓ إِنَّنِى بَرَآءٌ مِّمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ إِلَّا ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَنِى فَإِنَّهُۥ سَيَهْدِينِ)
“And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people: “Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me, and verily, He will guide me.” [Az-Zukhruf: 26-27]
So he made his Lord an exception to those worshipped. And Allaah mentioned that this freeing oneself and love and association is: The explanation of the Shahaadah ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’; so He said:
(وَجَعَلَهَا كَلِمَةًۢ بَاقِيَةً فِى عَقِبِهِۦ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَرْجِعُونَ)
“And he made it a Word lasting among his offspring, that they may turn back.” [Az-Zukhruf: 28]
And from it: The verse of Al-Baqarah concerning the Kuffaar whom Allaah said concerning them:
(وَمَا هُم بِخَٰرِجِينَ مِنَ ٱلنَّارِ)
“And they will never get out of the Fire.” [Al-Baqarah: 167]
He mentioned that they love their idols like they love Allaah; so this points towards that they love Allaah a great loving, but it didn’t enter them into Islaam. So how about one who loves the idol more than they love Allaah? And how about the one who only loves the idol and doesn’t love Allaah?
And from it is the statement of the Prophet ﷺ: “Whoever says ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’ and disbelieves in that which is worshipped besides Allaah, then his wealth and blood become prohibited, and his reckoning is with Allaah.”
And this is from the most greatest of what clarifies the meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah’, for indeed it was not (just) the uttering of it that made the wealth and the blood protected, rather not evening understanding its meaning with its wording, rather not even affirming that, rather not even it being that he doesn’t call except Allaah alone not associating partners with him, rather his wealth and blood is not sacred until he attaches to that disbelieving in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah; for if he has doubt or takes a middle-stance his blood and wealth are not forbidden.
So what a Mas’alah, how great it is, and how magnifying! And what a clarification, how clear it is! And a proof, how decisive it is against the disputant!
Chapter: From Shirk: Wearing a circle band or string and the likes of them to raise an affliction or repel it.
And His statement;
قُلْ أَفَرَءَيْتُم مَّا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ إِنْ أَرَادَنِىَ ٱللَّهُ بِضُرٍّ هَلْ هُنَّ كَٰشِفَٰتُ ضُرِّهِۦٓ أَوْ أَرَادَنِى بِرَحْمَةٍ هَلْ هُنَّ مُمْسِكَٰتُ رَحْمَتِهِۦۚ قُلْ حَسْبِىَ ٱللَّهُۖ عَلَيْهِ يَتَوَكَّلُ ٱلْمُتَوَكِّلُونَ
Say: “Tell me then, the things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, could they remove His harm, or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, could they withhold His Mercy?” Say: “Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust.” [Az-Zumar: 38]
عن عمران بن حصين رضي الله عنه: “أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم رأى رجلا في يده حلقة من صفر فقال: ما هذه؟ قال من الواهنة. فقال: انزعها، فإنها لا تزيدك إلا وهنا؛ فإنك لو مت وهي عليك ما أفلحت أبدا”. رواه أحمد بسند لا بأس به
From ‘Imraan bin Hussein may Allaah be pleased with him:
“That the Prophet ﷺ saw a man with a yellow circle band on his hand, so he said: “What’s this?” He said: “From the Waahinah.” So he said: “Take it off, for it will not increase you except in Wahn (weakness). For indeed if you were to die while it’s on you, you will never prosper.” [Reported by Ahmad with a Laa ba’s bihi chain]
وله عن عقبة بن عامر مرفوعا: من تعلق تميمة فلا أتم الله له، ومن تعلق ودعة فلا ودع الله له
وفي رواية: من تعلق تميمة فقد أشرك
And he has from ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir Marfoo’:
“Whoever attaches a Tamimah (amulet) then let not Allaah complete for him, and whoever attaches a Wada’ah (sea shell/s) then let Allaah not leave him.” And in a narration: “Whoever attaches a Tamimah, then he has indeed committed Shirk.”
And by Ibn Abi Haatim from Hudhayfah:
أنه رأى رجلا في يده خيط من الحمى، فقطعه وتلا قوله: وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُمْ بِاللَّهِ إِلَاّ وَهُمْ مُشْرِكُونَ
“That he saw a man with a string around his hand due to fever, so he cut it and recited His statement:
(وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُم بِٱللَّهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشْرِكُونَ)
“And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners unto Him [i.e. they are Mushrikun].” [Yusuf: 106]
In it are Masaa’il (topics):
The First: Severity of wearing circle bracelets/bands and strings and the likes of them for that.
The Second: That had the Sahaabee died while it was on him, he would not prosper. In it is a supporting evidence to the statement of the Sahaabah that Minor Shirk is greater than the Major sins.
The Third: That he wasn’t given excuse due to his ignorance.
The Fourth: That it doesn’t benefit in the present, rather it harms, due to his statement: “It doesn’t increase you except in weakness.”
The Fifth: Rebuking with severity upon the one who does the likes of that.
The Sixth: Explicitly stating that the one who attaches something is left to depend on it.
The Seventh: Explicitly stating that whoever attaches a Tamimah has indeed committed Shirk.
The Eighth: That attaching strings for fever is from that.
The Ninth: The recitation of Hudhayfah of the verse is proof that the Sahaabah sought proof in the verses which are concerning Major Shirk for Minor, as mentioned by Ibn ‘Abbaas in the verse of Al-Baqarah.
The Tenth: That attaching Al-Wad’a for the evil eye is from that.
The Eleventh: That du’aa against the one wearing a Tamimah that may Allaah not complete for him, and one who attaches a Wada’ah that may Allaah not leave him, i.e leave him to it.
Benefited from: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him.
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi