What’s the ruling on reading the whole Qur’an in order from Al-Baqarah to An-Naas for Salaatul-Fajr?
The best guidance is the guidance of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and the Qur’an was revealed to him and Allah collected it for him
(لَا تُحَرِّكْ بِهِۦ لِسَانَكَ لِتَعْجَلَ بِهِۦٓ إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا جَمْعَهُۥ وَقُرْءَانَهُۥ فَإِذَا قَرَأْنَٰهُ فَٱتَّبِعْ قُرْءَانَهُۥ )
“Move not your tongue concerning it to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and to give you the ability to recite it (the Quran), And when We have recited it to you, then follow you its (the Quran’s) recital.” [Al-Qiyaamah: 16-18]
And it was easy for him, he would read in one rak’ah if he wished a number of juz’, like 5 or more than that, as is in the hadith of Hudhaifah, and he didn’t do this in Salaatil-Fajr, that he would read it in order beginning with Al-Baqarah to An-Naas.
So what takes more precedence is abandoning that, and what takes more precedence is following the Sunnah, so sometimes he reads At-Tur as the Prophet read ﷺ, and sometimes he read Az-Zalzalah in both rak’as as the Prophet ﷺ did, and sometimes with the Mu’awwithatayn on travels as the Prophet ﷺ did, and likewise from the Mufassal, he reads from the Mufassal and increase in that and the likes of it, and the Mufassal begins from Qaaf according to the correct opinion, and he can read what he wants.
But arranging in order he didn’t do, nor did his Khulafaa’ (Caliphs) do it, and it’s from having earnestness of precision in the Qur’an, no doubt that he reads in order for the sake of it becoming easy for him, and there’s no prevention from doing this in voluntary prayers, in his night prayer and the rest of his time, except that he doesn’t do that in the Salah of the people, it’s not Sunnah.
Answered by: Shaykh, the Allamah, the Trustworthy Advisor, Abu Abdirrahman Yahya bin Ali Al-Hajuri – may Allah preserve him
Translated by: Abū ‘Abdillāh ‘Omar bin Yahya Al-‘Akawi